Probation Officer (or Investigator) – Screen applicants for remand and supervise convicted offenders released under judicial supervision. A lawsuit to establish the legitimate owner(s) of a property. A full-time court serving judge. Compare with the senior judge. All financial interests of the debtor at the time of filing the application for insolvency. The estate technically becomes the temporary rightful owner of all the debtor`s assets. The judge`s position. Under the law, Congress approves the number of judges for each district and court of appeal. Approval of the decision of a lower court by a higher court.

A procedure for resolving a dispute outside the courtroom. An indeterminate sentence of “no less” and “no more than” so many years, the exact period to be served subsequently being determined by the probation authorities within the minimum and maximum limits set by the court or by law. “Legal Representative Legal Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed January 6, 2022. Clerk – A court-appointed officer to work with the Chief Justice to oversee the administration of the courts, particularly to help manage the flow of cases before the court and maintain court records. In family law or children`s law, the time at which a child becomes legally free of parental control occurs automatically when he or she reaches the age of majority (18 for most purposes). This can happen earlier if the child is married or if he is abandoned by the parents and supports himself. A new trial or trial of all matters before another division of the same district court (court of first instance) following a trial before a judge of the division who has initial jurisdiction to hear and decide the issues first. The right to a de novo trial in Missouri is generally limited to cases heard without a jury in the Associated Circuit Division of the District Court. A list of jurors to serve in a particular court or trial. A person who, because he or she is disinterested in the parties to something, is appointed by the court to obtain the property or funds disputed in the case.

This procedure is followed because it is not reasonable for one of the parties to own the property. The sentence ordered by a court for an accused convicted of a crime. Disapproval and annulment of the judgment of a lower court by a court of appeal. The judgment is set aside by the higher court due to an error or irregularity in the decision-making process of the lower court. An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position in court and answer questions from judges. Jury – to inquire about persons selected and sworn in accordance with the law and to make a judgment on questions of fact. Jurors in state courts can be as small as six jurors in some cases. Federal jurors for civil lawsuits must have six jurors, criminal cases must have twelve. A person designated by a court to look after the interests of an infant or incompetent person involved in a legal dispute.

A person who makes a textual recording of what is said in court, usually using a stenographic device, shorthand or audio recording, and then makes a transcript of the proceedings upon request. An act of a court that overturns the decision of a lower court. A reversal is often accompanied by pre-trial detention before the lower court for further proceedings. A written record of an act, judicial proceeding, settlement or document prepared by an ordinary official on a legal basis and intended to serve as a memorial or permanent evidence of the matters to which it relates. The legal system, which originated in England and is now used in the United States, is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical sequence of court decisions. The principles of the common law may be amended by legislation. Habeas Corpus – A memoir often used to bring a prisoner to justice to determine the lawfulness of his detention. A prisoner who wants to argue that there is no sufficient reason to be detained would file a writ of arrest in habeas corpus. It can also be used to bring a person into custody to court, to testify or to be prosecuted. The affidavit of a witness, recorded outside the court and transcribed by a journalist. Testimony is an investigative tool for lawyers, but it can be used in court to accuse a witness` testimony, or can be read to jurors if the witness is not available.

A court decision or order in a case without a jury. A final decree is one that settles the dispute completely and definitively; An interim decree is a provisional or provisional decree that is not legally binding. Put a document in the official custody of the court clerk for inclusion in the records or records of a case. The doctrine that, once a court has established a principle of law applicable to a particular set of facts, it adheres to that principle and applies it to future cases where the facts are essentially the same. Discontinuing legal proceedings by court order. A procedure in a legal action or legal action by which a third party receives permission from the court to become a party. Procedure issued by the court or “by the bank” for the arrest of a person. Indictment – A trial in which a person accused of committing a crime is brought to justice, informed of the charges and asked to plead guilty or not guilty. A record containing pleadings, judgments, motions, judgments and other records of a prosecution. Legal acts must be compiled by the plaintiff and submitted to the Court of Appeal. Written notification by an official given to a person or published in accordance with legal requirements that he or she has been designated as a party to a dispute or has been charged with a criminal offence. The procedure consists of a summons to appear, a summons or an arrest warrant accompanied by a copy of the complaint or other procedural acts.

The party who appeals the decision of a district court and usually seeks the annulment of that decision. An order given under the authority of a court to a witness to appear and testify. The representative of the bankruptcy estate exercising legal powers, primarily for the benefit of unsecured creditors, under the general supervision of the court and the direct supervision of the U.S. trustee or receiver. The trustee is a natural person or entity appointed in all cases of Chapters 7, 12 and 13 and, in some cases, chapter 11. The duties of the trustee include examining the debtor`s application and annexes, as well as bringing actions against creditors or the debtor in order to recover ownership of the bankruptcy estate. In Chapter 7, the trustee liquidates the assets of the estate and makes distributions to creditors. Chapter 12 and 13 trustees have similar functions to a trustee under Chapter 7 and the additional responsibilities of overseeing the debtor`s plan, receiving payments from debtors, and disbursing plan payments to creditors. the conduct of a court decision; an order authorizing a public servant to enforce a judgment. Term used to indicate that a court has jurisdiction to hear all controversies that may be conducted within the legal limits of rights and remedies. Is contrary to a special or limited jurisdiction.

Refusing to testify or proceeding at trial to alert the court to unreasonable evidence or proceedings. Such an objection, if overturned by the trial judge, serves as the basis for setting aside the appeal judgment. Negligence that is not directly attributable to a person. It is the negligence of another person who has a legal relationship with him or her and for whom he or she is responsible for the negligence of an agent or employee, such as an employer. An informal written statement by a grand jury to the court that a public crime was committed, to the best of its knowledge or observation, without a vote on an indictment. Synonymous with “preliminary examination”; a hearing held by an associate district judge (or a federal court judge) to determine whether a person charged with a crime should be tried. A written guarantee that a party will appear in court if ordered or is likely to lose the value of the bond. The release of a person accused of a crime before trial under certain conditions in order to ensure that person appears before the court if necessary. May also refer to the amount of bond money recorded as a financial condition for pre-litigation publication. A protocol that contains the complete history of each case in the form of short chronological entries that summarize the legal proceedings.

Legal seizure of a person or property; the application ordering the seizure. The Clerks use the word “schedule” as an additional document attached to the original filing. These are sometimes marked as exhibitions. Trial – A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads not guilty and the parties must appear in court to present evidence.