Some regions of the world have their own human rights framework. For example, in addition to these two main instruments, the Council of Europe`s activities in the field of human rights include other specific instruments and conventions that complement the guarantees and provisions of the ECHR by addressing specific situations or vulnerable groups. Traditional monitoring systems are complemented by other independent bodies such as the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance and the Commissioner for Human Rights. Overall, the Council of Europe`s work on human rights should be able to take into account social, scientific and technological developments and the new challenges they may pose to human rights. Take, for example, the right to legal gender recognition. It is the right to be recognized by your own internal experience of gender, not just the gender written on your official identity documents. This provides protection for transgender people whose appearance and identification documents may not match their gender experience. The right to legal gender recognition has been recognized in some parts of the world, but not in others. Currently, prosecutions around the world test states` obligations to recognize an individual`s right to determine their own gender. In many countries, human rights laws relating to the right to gender recognition continue to evolve.

Nothing in this Declaration shall be interpreted as implying the right of any State, group or person to engage in any activity or act aimed at the destruction of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration. Human rights are relevant to all of us, not just those who are victims of repression or abuse. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in the present Declaration without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction may be made on the basis of the political, judicial or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it is an independent, fiduciary, non-self-governing country or any other limitation of sovereignty. In the meantime, while we, as individuals, are entitled to our human rights, we must also respect and defend the human rights of others. The Commissioner may deal ex officio with any matter within his or her jurisdiction. Although the Commissioner cannot receive individual complaints, he can act on the basis of all relevant information on general aspects of human rights protection as enshrined in Council of Europe instruments. Such information and requests for treatment may be addressed to the Commissioner by governments, national parliaments, national ombudsmen or similar bodies, as well as by individuals and organisations. The Commissioner`s thematic work included the preparation of reports, recommendations, opinions and positions on the human rights of asylum seekers, immigrants and Roma. The foundations of this body of law are the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the General Assembly in 1945 and 1948 respectively. Since then, the United Nations has progressively expanded human rights standards to include specific standards for women, children, persons with disabilities, minorities and other vulnerable groups, who now have rights that protect them from discrimination, which has long been common in many societies. The Convention on Enforced Disappearances tackles a phenomenon that is a global problem.

The Treaty prohibits “arrest, detention, abduction or any other form of deprivation of liberty” (Article 2), whether by State agents or other persons acting with the consent of States, and does not accept any exceptional circumstances for this refusal to recognize the deprivation of liberty and concealment of the fate and whereabouts of victims. Their aim is to put an end to this cynical ploy and try to commit serious human rights violations and get away with it. Human rights are a cross-cutting issue in all United Nations policies and programmes in the key areas of peace and security, development, humanitarian assistance and economic and social affairs. As a result, virtually all United Nations bodies and specialized agencies are involved to some extent in the protection of human rights. Some examples are the right to development, which is at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals; the right to food, defended by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, labour rights defined and protected by the International Labour Organization, gender equality proclaimed by UN Women, the rights of children, indigenous peoples and persons with disabilities. A number of international human rights treaties and other instruments adopted since 1945 have given legal form to inherent human rights and developed the corpus of international human rights. At the regional level, other instruments have been adopted to address the specific human rights concerns of the region and to provide for specific protection mechanisms. Most states have also adopted constitutions and other laws that formally protect basic human rights. While international treaties and customary law are the backbone of international human rights law, other instruments such as internationally agreed declarations, guidelines and principles contribute to its understanding, implementation and development. Respect for human rights requires the establishment of the rule of law at the national and international levels. One of the great achievements of the United Nations is the creation of a comprehensive body of human rights – a universal, internationally protected code that all nations can subscribe to and strive to achieve.

The United Nations has established a wide range of internationally recognized rights, including civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. It had also established mechanisms to promote and protect those rights and to assist States in fulfilling their responsibilities. All human beings are equal as human beings and by virtue of the inherent dignity of every human being. All persons are entitled to the enjoyment of their human rights without discrimination of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, ethnicity, age, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, disability, property, birth or other status, as declared by the human rights treaty bodies.